For other uses, see Five Eyes (disambiguation).”FVEY” redirects here. For the album by Shihad, see FVEY (album).
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|Contributors||Australia Canada New Zealand United Kingdom United States|
|• Atlantic Charter||14 August 1941|
|• BRUSA Agreement||17 May 1943|
The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence.
The origins of the FVEY can be traced back to informal secret meetings during World War II between British and US code-breakers that started before the US entry into the war, followed by the Atlantic Charter agreed by the Allies to lay out their goals for a post-war world. Canadian academic Srdjan Vucetic argues that the alliance emerged from Winston Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech, given at Westminster College, Missouri, in 1946, in particular Churchill’s belief the conflict with the Soviet sphere of influence would become a hot war unless the English-speaking democracies learned to cooperate:
Neither the sure prevention of war, nor the continuous rise of world organisation will be gained without what I have called the fraternal association of the English-speaking peoples. This means a special relationship between the British Commonwealth and Empire and the United States… the continuance of the intimate relationship between our military advisers, leading to common study of potential dangers…”
As the Cold War deepened, the intelligence sharing arrangement became formalised under the ECHELON surveillance system in the 1960s. This was initially developed by the FVEY to monitor the communications of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, although it is now used to monitor communications worldwide.
In the late 1990s, the existence of ECHELON was disclosed to the public, triggering a major debate in the European Parliament and, to a lesser extent, the United States Congress. The FVEY further expanded their surveillance capabilities during the course of the “war on terror“, with much emphasis placed on monitoring the World Wide Web. The former NSA contractor Edward Snowden described the Five Eyes as a “supra-national intelligence organisation that does not answer to the known laws of its own countries”. Documents leaked by Snowden in 2013 revealed that the FVEY has been spying on one another’s citizens and sharing the collected information with each other in order to circumvent restrictive domestic regulations on surveillance of citizens.
In spite of continued controversy over its methods, the Five Eyes relationship remains one of the most comprehensive known espionage alliances in history.NSA Headquarters, Fort Meade, Maryland, United StatesASIO central office, Canberra, AustraliaGCHQ, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, United KingdomCSE, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
#Britian, #Australia, #New Zealand, #Canada all had elections in 2019. We know for certain that Bell Media (a very mischievous company)and their 200 newspapers interfered in Canada’s election. How much do you want to bet they interfered in the other countries elections also? And lastly the United States who own and view Bell Media as a major resource. Australia’s conservative win came as a surprise to the whole population!
Huawei was fully involved in BC’s tele communions in 2019 and, BC was the only province not to go Conservative. There is no evidence or suggestion that @Huawei messed with the election in any way.
This brings us to Canada’s face off with the rest of the the 5 eyes members. One of which is a protector of their private industry and the others Conservatives installed by that same industry.
Trudeau has a headache ahead of him. The scenario I outlined Andrew Scheer was criticized because he missed an empty net.